# The History of Heavy Metal ### Benjamin Knight & Andrew Tribone ### May 3, 2013
## Introduction * *Goal* Not to convince you that you should listen to metal, but rather tell you what about metal I think is interesting. * *What “qualifies” me?* * Listening to metal since 7th grade. * Started playing guitar a year later; learned nearly every Metallica song. * Worked at college radio station for 4 years as Metal Director.
## Origins
## 1960s – Early Metal * Cream * Blue Cheer * Jimi Hendrix * Deep Purple * Led Zeppelin * The Stooges * Black Sabbath

Tony Iommi

1970s: Many Offshoots

  • Glam Metal
    Twisted Sister, Motley Crue, Poison
  • Progressive Rock
    Rush, Yes
  • New Wave of British Heavy Metal
    Iron Maiden, Motorhead
  • Punk
    The Ramones, The Misfits, The Clash
  • Power Metal
    Manowar, Judas Priest, Rainbow

1980s: Modern Metal

  • Thrash Metal
    Metallica, Slayer, Anthrax, Megadeth
  • Death Metal
    Cannibal Corpse, Death
  • Progressive Metal
    Dream Theater, Fates Warning, Symphony X, Opeth
  • Black Metal
  • Doom Metal

1990s and 2000s: Fusion

  • Nu Metal
    KoЯn, Limp Bizkit, System of a Down
  • Metalcore
    Killswitch Engage, Shadows Fall

Family Tree

Metal family tree


Sludge Metal, Stoner Metal, Funk Metal, Black Metal, Symphonic Black Metal, White Metal, Unblack Metal, Death n' Roll, Groove Metal, Drone Metal, Rap Metal, Viking Death Metal, Medieval Metal, Celtic Metal, Pagan Metal, Goregrind, Nintendocore, Neoclassical Metal, Industrial Metal, Math Metal, Teutonic thrash metal.


10 Genres of Metal in 3 Minutes

Glam Metal

Glam metal

Black Metal

Creepy black metal guy
## The Sound of Evil™ * Distorted electric guitar * Power chords

The Tritone

a.k.a. the flatted fizziff.

Taxonomy of metal logos

Where are metal bands from?

Metal bands per capita
Metal Bands per 100,000 people

Bay Area Metal

Metallica, Autopsy, Exodus, Testament, High on Fire, Black Cobra, Machine Head, Death Angel, etc.

Hetfield Grunts

## Metal subculture * Fans: Metalheads, headbangers, thrashers. * Counter-culture


Metal fan Metal fan Metal fan

Concerts & Festivals

Wacken Open Air


  • Singing [Iron Maiden]
  • Screaming [Metallica, Slayer, Pantera]
  • Nothing [Joe Satriani, Steve Vai, Paul Gilbert]


Floor Toms, Fills and Feet


Blast Beats




Heavy Riffs

Breakdowns, Tempo Changes

Jeff Hanneman of Slayer

R.I.P. Jeff Hanneman of Slayer